## 6/27/2012

### Grand Lotto 6/55 Foursomes Rarely Win Again

Jackpot foursomes refer to any 4-number combination formed from the jackpot numbers. If you have a habit of playing again any four numbers from previous jackpot numbers, your chance of winning or making a match is very low.

Based on 338 Grand Lotto 6/55 results, only 42 foursomes won twice. That's a low probability rate of 0.84%. None won more than twice.

The 338 jackpot numbers form 5070 foursomes. Out of this number, 5028 are unique; 42 of these unique numbers won twice. The probability rate of 0.84% is calculated as follows:  0.84% = 42 ÷ 5028

On another angle, if 42 foursomes occurred twice, it means 84 foursomes are duplicates. These 84 foursomes come from 70 draw results. That means that for every 5 [338 ÷ 70 = 4.83] draws, one of them produced 4 winning numbers equivalent to the same 4 numbers drawn from one of the other 333 jackpot numbers. So, the probability of correctly guessing which previous draw result would make a match is 0.3% [1 ÷ 333 = 0.003] .

### Application

To eliminate the lower probability brings you closer to a match. If your lotto combination comprise a winning foursome, might as well change one number to break the winning foursome. This technique makes it easier for you to decide which numbers should you combine because it narrows down your choices. On the other hand, if your objective is to earn multiple smaller winnings rather than the jackpot, the winning foursomes can give you an idea as to which numbers stick together. Stick to the trick though to drop one number from the foursome and mix the remaining 3 with other numbers.

You can download the LG+ 655 to make it easier for you to figure out which numbers are winning foursomes. This lotto tool is available at amikvs.com/lottotips/.

## 6/17/2012

### Lotto May Be Likened To A Form Of Voluntary Taxation

Author's note. What follows is a lengthy article which may bore you. Skip this post if you like; otherwise, proceed reading. I'd appreciate it.

Part of our society finds playing lotto “immoral” for the reason that it is a form of gambling. I won't argue with that instead, respect its opinion. If the government legalized gambling, like lottery and casino, it doesn't make legal gambling “morally” acceptable and illegal gambling “immorally” acceptable. (Illegal gambling is gambling without legal permit.)

It's a matter of point of view. It depends on factors on how some people were brought up. If they were brought up by a conservative family, church or religion, they may find lotto either “immoral”, nasty, or bad influence depending on the degree of their family's or church's conservatism.

Conservatism is the unwillingness to accept changes and new ideas. Without change, there is no growth and development. Imagine if change is constant. If you don't go with it, you will be left alone in the Jurassic park. Either you eat with the dinosaurs, or the dinosaurs eat you.

Some countries like Monte Carlo, and states like Las Vegas legalized casino gambling in order to sustain their economic growth. Singapore, a religiously influenced country, legalized casino gambling in 2009 because of the economic benefits that it will bring to the country. For that reason, does economic survival and growth justify legalized gambling? No. Because there may be other means. Yes. Simply because of change. Embracing change, however, should not be abused. It should be accepted responsibly. In Singapore, not all of its citizens are allowed to gamble.

The Catholic Church disagreed with the government about legalising lottery in the Philippines back in 1995. It is the Church's moral obligation for her Christians to express what she believes, not to judge anyone immoral, but to push the government to come up with better ideas. On the other hand, the government also has obligations to the Filipino citizens to make her country economically sustainable. If a lottery system can add economic benefits to the country, why not go for it? And so, lottery was legalised in the Philippines and considered moral responsibility by implementing certain restrictions like: minors are not allowed to play; and the lotto outlet should be 100 meters away from any school or place of worship. Such restrictions may be too weak for the point of view of the church, but perhaps, democracy was considered by the government.

Lotto is not a form of taxation neither is an alternative means to collect taxes; but, it may be likened to something similar and be even better than taxation. Provided, however, that the funds collected from the lottery should go to the charity. It further becomes argumentative though because “the end does not justify the means.” If you look at it, do gambling and charity go together?

In taxation, the revenue bureau collects taxes according to your income. The higher the income, the higher the tax. Further, depending on your economic status, your tax due goes lower. Those with lower or no income at all are exempted from paying taxes. If you don't pay your taxes, you go to jail. The problem is: not every one, especially those with huge income, pay taxes. The next problem is:  not all taxes go to the state's beneficiary, which is us. There is no assurance that the public's money do not land on some corrupt hands.

Playing lotto on the other hand has freedom. You are not obliged to play. If you don't have money, you can't play. Your purchasing power dictates how much you play. Those who earn more, play more. Those on a tight budget spend less. Moreover, you are assured that your money goes to the charity.

If a street vendor, for example, earns only P50 a day, he is exempted from paying taxes. Suppose, he plays a P10-lotto once a week, in a year he has contributed P540 to the charity fund. Isn't he a better citizen than a professional practitioner who does not pay his taxes correctly?

Imagine a millionaire who doesn't declare his true income; but when he plays lotto, he spends P10,000 a week. In a year, he has contributed P540,000 to the charity fund. Regardless of his true intention in playing lotto, at least, what he doesn't give to the revenue bureau, he gives it to the charity office by default.

The lottery system, therefore, is a good form to collect money from citizens including from the tourists because everyone can play. Play big or small, rich or poor, like it or unlike it, in the end, you give something to charity. You know where your money is going. And as an incentive, you can win a million bucks if you get lucky. If not, at least you have given something for the good cause.

Look at lotto this way. Think of lotto as a raffle rather than a gamble. Perceive it as fund raising rather than legal gambling. Shift your goal to charity rather than winning. In case you win, consider it your reward for giving.

Should you win the jackpot, remember that part of those moneys comes from poor hands who hoped that, one day, may have a better life. Be generous, not by giving away your money unwisely and irresponsibly, but by creating jobs. That way you pay your blessings forward rather than consume them to waste. And always remember, that whoever wins, pray that he or she is a person of kindness and generosity.

## 6/11/2012

### Lotto 6/55 Distance Between Two Adjacent Numbers In Numerical Order

Imagine the lotto numbers as stars in space. From one star to another is a constant distance caused by gravity push and pull. Maybe, that's the reason why they are suspended in space. Just maybe but I don't really know :). Anyway, no two stars occupy the same space; and perhaps, no two distances from one star to another are equal.

Let's look at another example. The petals of a sunflower grow in such a way that no two petals emerge from the same point and that no two distances between one petal to another are equal. If the location of each petal is to be calculated in relation to another petal, the measure is equivalent to the golden ratio or phi (Greek symbol ΙΈ).

Let's go back to the lotto numbers. What if the lotto numbers are like stars or petals wherein their distances play a significant reason? With that imagination in mind, if we can calculate the distance between two numerically ordered jackpot numbers, maybe, we can get some significant information.

Based on actual 331 Lotto 6/55 results, the following are the results of my study.

 Distance Ba Cb Dc Ed Fe Sum Overall Highest 36 30 35 36 32 54 36 Lowest 1 1 1 1 1 15 1 Median 6 7 6 6 7 41 7 Mode 1 1 2 1 1 40 1
Assuming that the jackpot numbers are arranged numerically, “Ba” is the distance (or difference) between the first number and the second number. “Cb” is the distance between the third number and the second number; and so forth and so on. Based on the data above, the distance between two numbers range from 1 to 36 where 1 is the most common but the median plays around 6 and 7. Let's leave the sum for a moment.

#### Eliminating The Lower Probability

Distances ranging from 1 to 16 comprised the 53% of the sampled data. To capture a higher probability, like 89%, we can take a few exceptions. These are distances ranging from 1 to 16 with at least one distance that is between 17 and 27 inclusive. This forms 37% of the sample data. The remaining 11% ranges from 1 to 16 with at least one distance that ranges from 28 to 36. Therefore, if you're going to construct or combine your lotto numbers, the distance (i.e. difference) between two adjacent numbers should not be greater than 16. You may want to play a few exceptions. In that case, one distance can range from 17 to 27. Distances greater than 27 are rare.

#### Is it possible that there may be two equal distances?

Yes! But they are rare. So far no 4 or 5 distances can be equal. Three distances can be equal but the probability is only 12 out of 331 and this is only possible for distances 1 to 8. The probability of two distances to be equal occurred 136 (40%) times, and this is only possible for distances 1 to 19. Higher distances that are equal cannot occur.

So that means, most often than not, distances are not equal. To capture a higher probability, you may take exceptions by having two distances that are equal.

#### How to calculate the distances?

1. Arrange the jackpot numbers numerically in ascending order.
2. Calculate the difference between the second and the first number, between the third and second, etc.
3. Sum the distances.

 A B C D E F Lotto #s 9 15 17 21 52 53 Formula B-A C-B D-C E-D F-E Calculation 15-9 17-15 21-17 52-21 53-52 Distance 6 2 4 31 1

#### Eliminating Further the Lower Probability

If the distances range from 1 to36, deciding which distance is appropriate add more headache to choosing among the 55 lotto numbers. As a remedy, you need a container to control the numbers (something like the universe that contains the stars). This container acts in the form of sum of distances.

Calculating all the sums of distances of the sample data, the sums range from 15 to 54. Extracting the lower probability, the ideal sum ranges from 29 to 53 which form 89% of the sample data.

You need a spreadsheet calculator to make things easier for you rather than calculating mentally (unless you're very good in math). The formulas are simple addition and subtraction.

#### In A Nutshell

Sound confusing? Let me summarize the whole thing. When combining lotto numbers that you wish to play,
1. First, arrange them in ascending numerical order.
2. Subtract the first number from the second number (i.e. 2nd number minus 1st number), which is B - A in the example above. The difference is called the distance between those 2 numbers.
3. Calculate the distances between the remaining numbers: 3rd minus 2nd, 4th minus 3rd, 5th minus 4th, and 6th minus 5th. All in all, you should have calculated 5 values for distances.
4. Ideally, the values of the 5 distances should range from 1 to 16. This covers 53% of the sample data.
5. To increase the odds, it's a good thing to cover around 90% instead of only 53%. For that reason, we need to capture other possibilities. These are distances that range from 1 to 16 with the exception of one distance which can range from 1 to 28, which covers 37%. All in all, that makes 89%.
6. Like magnets that push and pull each other to maintain their distances, we use a container called sum of distances. If you add the values of the 5 distances, the sum should range from 29 to 53. A sum that is less than 29 is very rare.
7. It is possible that two of the distances may be equal. More than two is already unlikely.